RESEARCHING WOMEN – M. Diane Rogers and encouragement! (And don’t forget to write about yourself – don’t let your descendants make up your stories!)
II. SAMPLING OF PROVINCIAL AND FEDERAL LEGISLATION AND GROUPS AFFECTING WOMEN IN WESTERN CANADA • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
1870 Young Women’s Christian Association (YWCA) formed in New Brunswick. 1871 Manitoba, wife controls her property, but not her earnings, unless husband proved ‘unfit’. 1885 Manitoba, newly married woman must get a new certificate of title in her husband’s name for any property she owns. (Similar legislation, Alberta 1906) 1885 Manitoba, wife’s right to share of husband’s property (her dower right) abolished. Same provisions in North-west Territories, 1887. (Dower rights still recognized in Ontario & in British common law.) 1893 National Council of Women – first meeting in Ontario. 1894 North-west Territories, unmarried women allowed municipal vote, but cannot hold office. 1900 Manitoba Married Woman’s Property Act, wife responsible for own property, wages & jointly responsible for children’s support. 1902 Manitoba, if husband dies intestate, wife allowed 1/3 of estate if children, or all, if no children. No legislative protection if husband had a will. 1909 Women’s Institutes (WI) begin – BC & Alberta 1909; Manitoba 1910; also Saskatchewan Homemakers 1911. Federated WI – national, 1919. 1915 Alberta, Married Woman’s Home Protection Act, wife can prevent sale of home site. 1918 Manitoba Dower Act, wife can stop transactions involving homestead, home & some property, even after husband’s death. Widow guaranteed 1/3 of husband’s estate no matter his will’s provisions. 1919 Canadian Naturalization Act, women could keep citizenship, if married aliens. 1920 British Columbia, widow allowed to go to court for variation, if husband’s provisions for her in will are ‘inadequate’. 1921 Alberta, women may be called as jurors, except in criminal cases, but do not have to serve. However, a female defendant has a right to women on her jury. 1925 British Columbia, inheritance rules for men & women now same; surviving spouse given larger share of intestate’s estate. 1929 British Privy Council rules Canadian women are ‘persons’ & thus entitled to act as judges & sit in the Canadian Senate. 1947 Canada Citizenship Act, married women given full authority over own citizenship status. Women’s Rights to the Provincial & Federal Vote: first granted in Manitoba, then Saskatchewan & Alberta in 1916; B.C and Ontario, 1917; Nova Scotia, 1918, New Brunswick & Yukon, 1919; P.E.I., 1922, Newfoundland & Labrador, 1925; Quebec, 1940; N. W.T., 1951. Canada 1917, (if over 21 & a soldier’s wife, widow, mother, sister or daughter) & in 1918, if met same provincial vote requirements as men, including property ownership. In 1920, new federal requirements---British citizen, over 21, 1 year Canadian residence, etc., but still racial restrictions. Racial & religious restrictions on voting & holding public office were in place, at various times, against those of Japanese, East Indian, native Indian or Chinese backgrounds, & against Doukhobors, Mennonites, & some Roman Catholics. Not till 1963 were all racial & religious restrictions removed.
III. SELECTED RESOURCE LIST NOTE – If you are researching women in Western Canada, ask me for that handout.
RESEARCHING WOMEN – M. Diane Rogers “The Touching Stories our Heirlooms Hold” by Sunny Morton, Genealogy Gems, April 12, 2017: https://lisalouisecooke.com/2017/04/heirloom-research-for-genealogy How to Archive Family Keepsakes: Learn How to Preserve Family Photos, Memorabilia and Genealogy Records, by Denise May Levenick (Cincinnati: Family Tree Books, 2012). 4. DNA & GENEALOGY For those starting with DNA research, I recommend DNA for Genealogists by Kerry Farmer (Unlock the Past, 2017). 5. TIMELINES Creating Timelines to Make Sense of Genealogy Records, Beth Foulk, Genealogy Decoded, September 21, 2012: http://genealogydecoded.com/2012/09/21/creating-timelines-to-make-senseof-genealogy-records/ 6. BRAINSTORMING ON-LINE Bubbl.us: https://bubbl.us/ Free and Premium offer. 7. GENOGRAMS FOR CHARTING FAMILY AND RELATED RELATIONSHIPS “The Genogram: A Great Way to Track Collateral Lines”, Alice Eicholtz, On-line at Ancestry.com, May/June 2003. Available at Google Books. Genogram ‘Tutorial’, see the Introduction, Components & Rules, GenoPro Inc. website: www.genopro.com/genogram Developer, Daniel Morin, GenoPro free trial download: www.genopro.com The Genogram Journey: Reconnecting with your Family by Monica McGoldrick (W. W. Norton, 2011). 8. A FEW MORE FAVOURITE WEBSITES DeadFred for photographs: http://www.deadfred.com/ Lost Cousins, for census matching for known and prospective relations and connections (think FAN) from the 1940 & 1880 US Censuses; the 1881 Canadian Census; the 1881 Census of Scotland; the 1911 Census of Ireland; the 1911, 1881 & 1841 Censuses of England & Wales, including the Isle of Man and Channel Islands: http://www.lostcousins.com/ CyndisList, more links for sites on Female Ancestors: http://www.cyndislist.com/female/